capture of dogwood borer males in traps with peachtree borer pheromone was elimi nated. Johnson WT, Lyon HH. Damage caused by clearwing moth larvae. Benefits from a 2-4 mulch which will help keep roots cool and moist in summer. Seasonal biology and control of the dogwood borer. Common Name of Dogwood in other languages is an interesting information one should know. Adult borers appear in early June. The Dogwood tree borer’s name is a study in confusion. Photograph by University of Florida. Dogwood family (Cornaceae) An older scientific name for this species is Cornus asperifolia, which accounts for. Scientific Name Synanthedon scitula (Harris) Dogwood borer adult. Bergh JC, Leskey TC, Zhang A. Figure 5. Photograph by James Solomon, USDA Forest Service, Adults are bluish-black with a yellow band on the second and fourth abdominal segments. Despite its common name, its larvae have catholic tastes and are at home on a variety of woody plants including plum, viburnum, willow, mulberry, elm, laurel, dogwood, fruit Dogwood borer Insect Dogwood borer Synanthedon scitula (Harris) Lepidoptera: Sesiidae Distribution: Most fruit-growing states and provinces in eastern North America. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. Cultivated trees are usually more heavily infested than those in wood lots. 1984. It develops over time, according to use, look, and Genus: Synanthedon. Current Genetics 39(5-6):346-354. Borers are found at various stages of development throughout the year. The adult is bluish black with yellow bands and has clear wings Photograph by John A. Weidhass, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, The common name is widely used everywhere. 1995. They are large (1 1/4 inch long), robust Bergh JC, Leskey TC. In the spring, larvae construct dark brown cocoon of silk and frass near the surface for pupation. Oberea tripunctata, the dogwood twig borer, is a species of longhorn beetle that is a widespread pest that attacks dogwood trees. dogwood borer dogwood anthracnose powdery mildew crown rot and canker almost overused ID Features flower buds large and flattened twigs reddish purple alligator-like bark on large branches horizontal branching Propagation (2000). Swederus, 1787. The borer is off-white in color with a reddish-brown head. The dogwood borer (Synanthedon scitula) is a noteworthy pest of cultivated flowering dogwood. 735 p. These were later sent to the Division of Plant Industry and identified by the senior author as Heterobostrychus aequalis(Waterhouse), a species not previously known to be established in the United States (Fisher 1950). The Canadian Entomologist 135: 615-635. Synanthedon scitula, the dogwood borer or pecan borer, is a major pest of many plants including the dogwood and pecan. Life history. ), hazel (Corylus spp. Scientific Name. Natural control also takes place, although the level of control achieved may not be adequate. Bronze birch borer is not known to be present outside its native range in North America. Distribution Restricted. 1985. Adult male dogwood borer, Synanthedon scitula (Harris). Comstock Publishing Associates, Cornell University Press, Ithaca and London. Daughtrey, M.L., C.R. Larvae grow to a size of over 15 mm (0.6 inch) when fully grown. Cultivated trees are usually more heavily infested than those in wood lots. Cornus Florida, or Flowering Dogwood, is a small, deciduous, flowering tree that may grow 15 to 25 feet tall and 4 to 6 inches in diameter.Occasionally, it will reach a height of 40 feet with a trunk diameter of 12 to 18 inches. Larvae: Larvae are cream-colored with reddish-brown heads. In January 1967, specimens of a wood boring beetle were collected from oak lumber in Ft. Lauderdale, Florida and forwarded for identification to the Department of Entomology, University of Florida. Figure 3. Snow et al. Other symptoms include sawdust-like frass being pushed out of the burrows, and leaves turning red prematurely. 1985). Natural predators that eat larvae and pupae include woodpeckers and nuthatches. The thorax is orange with three black dots. Dogwood Borer. United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. This is a good specimen tree for a location with acidic soil and afternoon shade. ssp. Figure 2. 2004. Hosts Rice, and wild ), and elm (Ulmus spp.). Photo by J.A. Prefers moist, organically rich, acidic soils in part shade. Photograph by James Solomon, USDA Forest Service, Adult female dogwood borer, Synanthedon scitula (Harris). Tree wraps have variable results and in some cases use of vinyl tree wraps around the trunk of young dogwood trees actually increased dogwood borer infestation (Owen 1991). Feeding is mostly confined to the burr knot but once the burr knot area is consumed, it moves to the adjacent areas. The dogwood borer (Synanthedon scitula) is a noteworthy pest of cultivated flowering dogwood. Photo by J.A. Fruit IPM Factsheet: Dogwood Borer. Seasonal captures of clearwing moths (Sesiidae) in traps baited with various formulations of 3, 13-octadecadienyl acetate and alcohol. (45) Photo: John Davidson Pupal skin of dogwood borer protruding from trunk. Scientific Name COFOR Cornus foemina Mill. The dogwood larvae bore into the wood cambium. Stressed trees may become vulnerable to borers. Figure 5: Dogwood borer adult. J.S. Phonetic Spelling KOR-nus FLOR-ih-dah Description. Any physical injury to the plant, especially by lawn mowers must be avoided. 1985. 1991. Preventive measures are important to circumvent dogwood borer damage. Discrimination by male dogwood borer. You can also know the Dogwood Scientific Classification which will help you gain the botanical information about the plant. Various colors commonly associated with this Moth. The clearwing borers of Florida. Md, College Pk, Dogwood Borer Moth (Synanthedon scitula: Sesiidae) Adult 8-12 mm long. Symptoms of … Other hosts include, American beech (Fagus grandiflora), black willow (Salix nigra), blueberries (Vaccinium spp. Common Name Rice white stem borer Scientific Name Scirpophaga innotata. This insect is capable of killing young, newly transplanted trees or older … Hibben, K.O. Dogwood borer eggs are laid under the bark at burr knots or damaged areas on apple or other host trees. Larvae overwinter underneath the bark and resume feeding when temperatures reach above 7 to 10°C (45 to 50°F). Biology, ecology, and management of dogwood borer in eastern apple orchards. Other damaging insects include flatheaded borers (Chrysobothris azurea and Agrilus cephalicus), dogwood twig borer (Oberea tripunctata), the twig girdler (Oncideres cingulata), scurfy scale (Chionaspis lintneri), and dogwood scale (C. corni) (1). The map below showcases (in blue) the states and territories of North America where the, The logo, its written content, and photography are unique to this website (unless where indicated) and is protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. The female moth lays eggs on the bark. Dogwood borer larva and pupa compared to a standard pencil eraser. Some scientists feel Easily grown in average, medium moisture, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. It is recorded from Australia, and Papua New Guinea. Adults are cylindrical, with a black head, wing covers, and abdomen. Common Name: Cottonwood borer Scientific Name: Plectrodera scalator Fabricius Order: Coleoptera Description: Adult beetles can be found on and around host plants during the summer. Damage caused by the dogwood borer, Synanthedon scitula (Harris). It is also an important pest of many other ornamental, fruit, and nut trees. Insecticides with more residual activity (long lasting effect) are being applied on the lower trunk and burr knots. Southeast Asia, Oceania. A member of the clearwing moth family, the dogwood borer, Synanthedon scitula (Harris), is one of the most destructive pests of flowering dogwood, Cornus florida L., affecting plantings in homes and parks (Johnson and Lyon 1991). Wilson COPA23 Cornus paniculata L'Hér. The Dogwood Borer is typically 0.3 inches to 0.4 inches (8mm to 12mm) in size and has the following descriptors / identifiers: bee; wasp; hornet; mimic; clear wings; see-through; flying; moth; black; yellow. 1985). Adults are eaten by birds, bats, spiders, and other insect eaters. Dark green leaves, 3 to 6 inches long, turn an attractive red in fall. Photograph by James Solomon, USDA Forest Service, Information about the Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida), a species found in the State of Texas. A member of the clearwing moth family, the dogwood borer, Synanthedon scitula (Harris), is one of the most destructive pests of flowering dogwood, Cornus floridaL., affecting plantings in homes and parks (Johnson and Lyon 1991). Common Name Bean pod borer Scientific Name Maruca vitrata; it used to be known as Maruca testulalis. Anonymous. Though its common name is Dogwood Borer Moth it bores into Pecan trees with equal frequency. Distribution Worldwide in the tropics. ), birch (Betula spp. The dogwood twig borer, Obrea tripunctata, is in the order Coleoptera and family Cerambycidae. Although it received its scientific name (Oberea tripunctata) in 1787, that name was inadvertently given to a second beetle (the Raspberry cane girdler) in 1847, and the two beetles shared it until someone caught the mistake 30 years later (there’s also a Dogwood borer that’s a moth). Infested parts appear swollen, knotty, calloused or gall-like. Snow JW, Eichlin TD, Tumlinson JM. Hence, scientific name of Flowering Dogwood is used worldwide. Bionomics and instar determination of. Mature trees can grow to 10m. It is also an important pest of many other ornamental, fruit, and nut trees. Trees need to be maintained healthy, and dead or cankered branches should be removed. Binomial name. Initially pale yellow, the eggs turn darker with development. Photo credit: James Solomon,DA Forest US service, Page 4 of 4 Fungicide treatments will reduce infection and improve tree health if the disease is not too advanced. Adults emerge in spring and females lay eggs singly on the bark, preferentially on injured areas. Tropical Lepidoptera 4, supplement 4. There, it occupies a wide range of ecological and climatic conditions, although it is more common in warmer, southern regions. The dogwood borer is the larva (Synanthedon scitula) of a small moth that infests the dogwood's bark. The larvae crawl under the bark and feed on the living tissue of the tree, causing a loss of vigor and eventual death. O. tripunctata. The effect of plastic wrap on borer incidence in dogwood. Damage at rootcollar of flowering dogwood, Cornus florida, caused by the dogwood borer, Synanthedon scitula (Harris). Neal JW. Insects that Feed on Trees and Shrubs. ... Scientific Name: Synanthedon scitula (Harris) Dogwood borer adult. Found in eastern Canada and in the United States, where it is widely distributed east of the Mississippi. Owen NP, Sadof CS, Raupp MJ. Adult: Dogwood borer, a clearwinged moth, has a wasp-like body, approximately 1 to 2 cm (1/2 inch) long. Davidson, Univ. More than one generation per year (multivoltine) may occur in Georgia (Snow et al. ), loquat (Eriobotrya japonica), oaks (Quercus spp. Preferred Scientific Name Cornus florida Preferred Common Name Flowering dogwood Taxonomic Tree Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: … Its scientific name is Cornus florida. Synanthedon scitula (Harris) Common Names. Orton, one of the few publicly supported ornamental plant breeders in the US, began his breeding program trying to increase the vigor of the dogwood to make it less susceptible to dogwood borer. Adults are swift flyers and most active at dawn and twilight (Anonymous 2000). Genus Common Names = Dogwood Number of Taxa in the Cornus Genus = 52 List of Dogwood Shrubs, Cornus Genus - All known species, taxa on Earth, organized by scientific Latin botanical name first and common names second. Guide to Insect Borers in North American Broadleaf Trees and Shrubs. Cornus mas is noted for having excellent resistance to dogwood anthracnose and dogwood borer. Agriculture Handbook 706. The term woodboring beetle encompasses many species and families of beetles whose larval or adult forms eat and destroy wood (i.e., are xylophagous). Eggs: Eggs are small (0.6 x 0.4 mm = 0.02 x 0.02 inch), oval, and marked with hexagonal pattern of slightly raised lines. dogwood borer. [1] In the woodworking industry, larval stages of some are sometimes referred to as woodworms. ), mountain ash (Sorbus spp. For specific insecticide recommendations, contact the local office of your county Cooperative Extension Service. In the process, twigs and branches die -- sometimes the entire dogwood succumbs. It is about 5/8-inch long at maturity. Pupal stage generally lasts a month and empty pupal cases remain visibly protruding from the bark. Additionally, there are two reddish brown spots on the prothoracic shield. Insect Management Guide for landscape plants. Pupae: The light brown pupae are 10 mm (2/5 inch) long and inside a cocoon made of silken thread and frass fragments. The material presented across this site is for entertainment value and should not be construced as usable for scientific research or medical advice (insect bites, etc...) Please consult licensed, degreed professionals for such information. When properly grown, this dogwood usually has few insect or disease problems. Scientific Name: Ergates spiculatus neomexicanus Casey Order: Coleoptera (Beetles) Family: Cerambycidae (Longhorned Beetles) Identification and Descriptive Features: The ponderous borer is an extremely large beetle, ranging from 45-60 mm length, with an elongated body form. 1991. Davidson, Univ. This species Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering tree in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America and northern Mexico.An endemic population once spanned from southernmost coastal Maine south to northern Florida and west to the Mississippi River. (1989) reported that a 50:50 blend of ( Z , Z )-3,13-ODDA and ( Z , Z )- ), pines (Pinus spp. scientific name common name scientific name common name flight period Pennisetia marginata raspberry crown borer Rubus raspberry Aug-Sept Paranthrene asilipennis oak borer … Other damaging insects include flatheaded borers (Chrysobothris azurea and Agrilus cephalicus), dogwood twig borer (Oberea tripunctata), the twig girdler (Oncideres cingulata), scurfy scale (Chionaspis lintneri), and dogwood scale (C. corni) (1). Dogwood Borer: The dogwood borer (Synanthedon scitula) is the larva (immature form) of a clearwing moth that resembles a wasp. The tall shrub/small tree that flowers in early spring is the dogwood. Figure 4. 2003. It takes approximately a year for larvae to pass through seven instars (Bergh and Leskey 2003, Neal 1984). Newly planted trees need to be braced for protection against wind. bee; wasp; hornet; mimic; clear wings; see-through; flying; moth; black; yellow. Flowering dogwood has a low-branching habit with a flattish crown. Sloughing of wood bark is an early symptom of attack. The borers can become established only if they locate a wound or opening in the bark. Figure 1. Dogwood borers attack a broad range of ornamental, fruit, and nut trees but have increasingly caused problems in apple orchards in the northeastern United States since the 1980s (Bergh and Leskey 2003). Common Name of Dogwood in Other Languages Common name of garden plants in different languages is different. It is an extremely notorious pest due … SWRA2 Swida racemosa (Lam.) Species: scitula. Britton, M It gains access through wounds or cracks, gorging on the cambium. In apple, burr knots (aggregations of partially developed root initials at or below the graft union) are attractive egg laying sites. Still it is beneficial to know the common name of all garden plants. Larvae are about one to two inches long and white with a yellowish-brown head. Leaf miner, gall midge and scale are less serious potential insect pests. Washington, DC. Family Name: Cornaceae Resources Chapter from my PhD Thesis Notes from the Eclectic Physicians Dogwood Chapter from my PhD Part Used: Bark Chemical Constituents: Significant phytochemicals include betulinic acid, gallic acide, tannin, and verbanalin. Eggs hatch in about eight to nine days and larvae enter the bark wounds and form large feeding galleries. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. Riedl H, Weires RW, Seaman A, Hoying SA. Journal of Arboriculture 17: 29-31. Patterns of evolution in Discula fungi and the origin of dogwood anthracnose in North America, studied using arbitrarily amplified and ribosomal DNA. racemosa (Lam.) flowering dogwood, Cornus florida Scientific Name Cornus is from the word cornu which means “horn” and refers to the hard wood; florida is from the Latin flos, which means “flower” or “flowery” in reference to the showy flowers. Oberea tripunctata. Journal of Agricultural Entomology 2: 231-232. By submitting images to us ( you acknowledge that you have read and understoof our. Insects/diseases: Flowering dogwood is susceptible to many insects, including the dogwood borer, flat-headed borer, dogwood twig borer, twig girdler, and dogwood scale . Solomon, J.D. Asia, Africa, North, South and Central America, the Caribbean, Europe, Oceania. ), American chestnut (Castanea dentate), hickories/pecans (Carya spp. Since this species is a serious pest of lumber and nearly all wood products, a survey was immedi… The typical life cycle consists of one generation per year but some larvae in cooler climate have been suspected of taking two years to complete development (Reidl et al. A moth in the Crambidae. Dogwood Borer (Synanthedon scitula) Detailing the physical features, habits, territorial reach and other identifying qualities of the Dogwood Borer. (46) ... scientific name common name scientific name common name flight period Pennisetia marginata raspberry crown borer Rubus raspberry Aug-Sept